There are many different types of wine, which can be categorized based on various factors such as colour, grape variety, country of origin, region, taste, and style. Some of the most common types of wine include:
- Red Wine: Made from black grapes, which are fermented with their skins to give them a deep red colour.
- White Wine: Made from white or green grapes, which are fermented without their skins, resulting in a light-coloured wine.
- Rosé Wine: Made from red grapes, but with only limited contact with the grape skins, giving it a pink hue.
- Sparkling Wine: Carbonated wine that contains bubbles of carbon dioxide gas, which can be produced through natural fermentation or through the addition of carbon dioxide.
- Dessert Wine: Typically, sweet and often served with dessert, these wines are made from grapes that have a high sugar content.
- Fortified Wine: Wines that have been strengthened with the addition of brandy or other spirits, resulting in a higher alcohol content.
- wine-based aperitif: made from wine as the base, which is then flavoured with a variety of herbs, fruits, and other ingredients. Some well-known examples of wine-based aperitifs include vermouth, Lillet, Aperol, Campari, and Dubonnet. These beverages can be enjoyed on their own or used as a base for cocktails.